Click on the pictures to make them bigger.
|The following parts are included with the kit for the Famicom
|Open the Famicom Twin by removing the seven long screws from the bottom.|
|Remove the motherboard from the unit by first unplugging the connectors from the left hand side, then removing the screws and rod from the eject mechanism.|
|Identify and desolder the PPU. This can be tricky because the
motherboard's holes are plated through. Please read the article
The PPU in my unit has a heat sink glued over the top marked R1292CE. This is a bit unusual - most of the time it will not be covered.
|Turn the motherboard over to the solder side. The NESRGB will be
installed underneath the motherboard as there is more space there.
Place the socket in the empty PPU location, then place the two strips of round pin strip into the socket.
|With a finger on the adapter board, solder the adapter board pins in place. Then turn the motherboard upside down and solder the 40 pin IC socket on the bottom. This way the pins will be straight and aligned correctly.|
|Remove the NESRGB board from its packaging.|
|Insert the square pin strip into underside of the NESRGB board. Double check they are in the correct place then solder them in.|
|Insert the other 40 pin IC socket into the NESRGB board and solder it in place.|
|Insert the NESRGB board into the adapter board into the position marked 'NESRGB'. Solder it in place.|
|Pop the PPU into the socket on the NESRGB board and insert the finished NESRGB assembly into the socket on the underside of the Famicom Twin motherboard. Solder jumpers J3 (for power) and J5 (NTSC video).|
|The next step is to drill holes to mount the audio/video
connectors and palette switch. The 8 pin mini-DIN connector has
the same pin arrangement as compatible with this
RGB SCART cable.
The audio connects through a separate cable to ensure audio there is no interference from the video signals. If you prefer to have audio and video run through one cable, you can connect the audio signals to pins 1 and 2 of the mini-DIN.
NESRGB board features three palettes to choose from. This
feature is optional. If you so not want a palette switch then
bridge pin 3 and GND to permanently select the natural palette.
There are multiple ways to wire this switch depending on desired result. See the palette switch detail.
|To mount the 8p mini-DIN first drill a 12mm hole with a step
drill bit (do not use a twist drill bit). Insert the connector
into the hole and glue into place. You should use epoxy glue, this
is a glue that comes in two parts which are mixed together. Once
the glue is set, place the pin label board over the pins and
solder it into place.
To mount the 3.5mm stereo jack socket. Drill a 6mm hole with the step drill bit or a twist drill bit. The wall of the case is a bit thick for this connector. To fix this insert a large (10-12mm) into the inside of the hole and turn by hand until about about 1mm of plastic is removed. The hole will look like the one in the photo to the left.
Drill a 5mm hole with a twist drill bit to mount the palette switch.
|Connect the wires. The 8p mini-DIN connector is wired to the
NESRGB board. The signals Blue, Green, Red, Video
(composite), +5V, and Ground. If you look closely at this picture,
you'll see I have wired Y (luma) in place of Video (composite) as
a sync signal. I recommend this as composite video as sync has
been reported to cause some video interference under some
The audio is connected to the signal from the original audio output jack. The 3.5mm socket is a stereo connection so you should just connect the audio signal to both left and right pins. It's best to use shielded wire if you have some.
The palette switch is wired to the palette pins if required.
|Video / audio connectors, palette switch external view. Perhaps
you can find better locations that I did, but take care to avoid
getting in the way of the controller port bays in the lid.
Install the motherboard back into the console, put the screws back in, finished!
RGB connection alternative, discreet method.
|Some may wish to connect the new RGB cable without making any
modification to the shell.
The Famicom Twin features a connection on the back for connecting an external RF modulator. It is possible to repurpose this connection for RGB video/audio.
|I recommend following the pin arrangement
as the SNK Neo Geo consoles as they also make use of a 8 pin DIN
Some models of Famicom Twin are missing a pins on the RF connector. From September 2014 onwards I will include in the kit a replacement socket which is fully pinned.
To the left is a diagram showing tracks that must be cut to accommodate the new pin configuration. The diagram of a Neo Geo SCART cable can be found below.
Addendum - Famicom Twin audio circuit modifications (advanced).
My Famicom Twin was a fairly early model, made mid-late 1986 going by the date codes on the parts. I have traced out the audio circuit of my unit. Download it here. Note that there may have been changes / manufacturing variations on models made later. I encountered two problems with the audio.
|Audio output level is too low.
The level is lower than the NES and other game consoles.
This is fixed by changing the value of resistor R201 on the audio
board. The original resistor is 8k2. Replacing it with a 2k2 value
will increase the audio level on the output.
|Disk games sound bad.
The title screen music from Hikari
Shinwa: Parutena no Kagami (Kid Icarus) sounded like
this. The extra FDS sound channel is too lound and drowns
out the regular Famicom sound. The problem is two resistors in the
FDS audio section have been swapped around. They are R104 2M2 and
R103 1M2. This is a mistake. These two resistors should be swapped
so it is R104 1M2 and R103 2M2.
Once the resistors are in the correct position it now sounds like this.
26/9/2014 - added link to page about desoldering the PPU
30/8/2014 - Page created.